This will involve turning their fortified border into a "peace zone," pursuing multilateral talks with other powers such as the United States, working toward arms reduction and ceasing "hostile acts," according to the statement.

"We are at a starting line today, where a new history of peace, prosperity and inter-Korean relations is being written," Kim said, following a historic handshake[1] with Moon on the heavily-fortified demilitarized zone separating the two countries. He called the North and South "brethren who should not live apart" and thanked Moon and other South Korean officials for a successful summit, adding that the countries "will become one" to enjoy prosperity.

The warm declarations have taken the world by surprise, considering relations between the two states have been hostile since the Korean War[2] that began in 1950 and saw well over 1 million people killed.

North and South Korea have technically still been at war since then, as cessation of the fighting was only enabled by an armistice signed in 1953 rather than a peace agreement....

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